Search this Site Information on Animals Information on Plants Help in identifying a plant or animal. Help in Identifying a Plant or Animal Take our challenge! Learn about this site.


This list includes those animals that may be seen on land or over the land in the Galapagos. Adding the hundreds of species that may be seen in the water would add considerably to this list. Listing is alphabetically by common name. When a critter has more than one common name, both are listed. If you wish, print this page, and check the when you have seen a species.


Common Name

Scientific Name




Sea Birds

Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lherminieri subalaris Endemic subspecies
Band-rumped Storm Petrel Oceanodroma castro Resident. AKA Madeiran Storm Petrel
Blue-Footed Booby Sula nebouxii excisa Endemic subspecies
Brown Noddy Anous stolidus galapagensis Endemic subspecies. AKA Common Noddy.
Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis urinator Endemic subspecies
Common Noddy. See Brown Noddy    
Common Tern Sterna hirundo Migrant
Dark-rumped Petrel Pterodroma phaeopygia Endemic subspecies
Elliot's Storm Petrel Oceanites gracilis galapagoensis Endemic subspecies
Flightless Cormorant Nannopterum harrisi Endemic
Franklin's Gull Larus pipixcan Migrant
Galapagos Penguin Sphensicus mendiculus Endemic
Galapagos Storm Petrel Oceanodroma tethys tethys Endemic
Great Frigatebird Fregata minor ridgwayi Resident
Laughing Gull Larus atricilla Migrant
Lava Gull Larus fuliginosus Endemic
Madeiran Storm Petrel. See Band-rumped Storm Petrel    
Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens Endemic subspecies
Masked Booby. See Nazca Booby    
Nazca Booby Sula dactylatra granti Endemic subspecies. AKA Masked Booby
Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus Resident.
Red-footed Booby Sula sula websteri Endemic subspecies.
Royal Tern Sterna maxima Migrant
Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata Resident.
Swallow-tailed Gull Larus furcatus Endemic. The only nocturnal gull in the world.
Waved Albatross Diomedea irrorata Endemic

Coastal Birds

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus Endemic subspecies
Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola Migrant
Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus Resident
Blue-winged Teal Anas discors Migrant
Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis Resident
Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias Resident
Great Egret Ardea alba Resident. Sometimes classified as Casmerodius albus.
Greater Flamingo Phoenicopterus ruber Resident
Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca Migrant
Lava Heron Butorides sundevalli Endemic
Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla Migrant
Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes Migrant
Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps Possible Resident. Migrant
Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus Migrant
Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres Migrant
Sanderling Calidris alba Migrant
Semi-palmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus Migrant
Seven Whistler See Whimbrel    
Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus Migrant
Snowy Egret Egretta thula Migrant. Sometimes classified as Leucophoyx thula
Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria Migrant
Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularia Migrant
Striated Heron Butorides striatus Resident
Surfbird Aphriza virgata Migrant
Wandering Tattler Heteroscelus incanus Migrant
Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri Migrant
Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus hudsonicus Migrant. AKA Seven Whistler
White-cheeked Pintail Duck Anas bahamensis Endemic subspecies
Willet Catoptrophorus semipalmatus Migrant
Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor Migrant
Yellow-crowned Night Heron Nyctanassa violacea Endemic subspecies.

Land Birds

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica Migrant
Belted Kingfisher Ceryle alcyon Migrant
Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus Possible resident.
Cactus Ground Finch Geospiza scandens Endemic
Charles Mockingbird Nesomimus trifasciatus Endemic
Chatham Mockingbird Nesomimus melanotis Endemic
Common Gallinule Gallinula chloropus Resident
Dark-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus melacoryphus Resident
Galapagos Barn Owl Tyto alba puctatissma Sometimes identified as Tyto punctissima
Galapagos Dove Zenaida galapagoensis Endemic
Galapagos Flycatcher Myriarchus magnirostris Endemic
Galapagos Hawk Buteo galapagoensis Endemic
Galapagos Martin Progne modesta modesta Endemic
Galapagos Mockingbird Nesomimus parvulus Endemic
Galapagos Rail Laterallus spilonotus Endemic
Hood Mockingbird Nesomimus macdonaldi Endemic
Large Cactus Ground Finch Geospiza conirostris Endemic
Large Ground Finch Geospiza magnirostris Endemic
Large Tree Finch Camarhynchus psittacula Endemic
Mangrove Finch Cactospiza heliobates Endemic
Medium Ground Finch Geospiza fortis Endemic
Medium Tree Finch Camarhynchus pauper Endemic. Found only in the humid zone on Floreana.
Osprey Pandion haliaetus Migrant
Paint-billed Crake Neocrex erythrops Resident
Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus Migrant
Purple Martin Progne subis Migrant
Sharp-billed Ground Finch Geospiza difficilis Endemic
Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus galapagoensis Endemic subspecies.
Small Ground Finch Geospiza fuliginosa Endemic
Small Tree Finch Camarhynchus parvulus Endemic
Smooth-billed Ani Crotophaga ani Introduced
Vegetarian Finch Platyspiza crassriostris Endemic
Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus Resident
Warbler Finch Certhidea olivacea Endemic
Woodpecker Finch Cactospiza pallidus Endemic
Yellow Warbler Dendroica petechia aureola Endemic subspecies.




Galapagos Giant Tortoise Geochelone elephantophus Endemic
Green Turtle Chelonia mydas agassisi Resident. Endemic subspecies?
Hawksbill Turtle Eretmochelys imbricata Regularly observed.
Leatherback Turtle Dermochelys coriacea Occasionally observed.
Olive Ridley Lepidochelys olivacea Occasionally observed.


Galapagos Land Iguana Conolophus subcristatus Endemic
Galapagos Marine Iguana Amblyrhynchus cristatus Endemic
Lava Lizard Microlophus albemarlensis Endemic. Find this on Santa Cruz, Fernandina, Santiago, Baltra, Santa Fe, Raida, Seymour, Daphne Major, and Plaza Sur.
Lava Lizard Microlophus bivittatus Endemic. Find this on San Cristobal.
Lava Lizard Microlophus delanonis Endemic. Find this on Espanola.
Lava Lizard Microlophus duncanensis Endemic. Find this on Pinzon.
Lava Lizard Microlophus grayi Endemic. Find this on Floreana.
Lava Lizard Microlophus habelli Endemic. Find this on Marchena.
Lava Lizard Microlophus pacificus Endemic. Find this on Pinta.
Santa Fe Land Iguana Conolophus pallidus Endemic


Galapagos Leaf-toed Gecko Phyllodactylus galapagoensis Endemic. Find this on Isabela, Santa Cruz, Fernandina, Santiago.
Gonatodes caudiscutatus Gonatodes caudiscutatus Introduced. Find this on San Cristobal.
Lepidodactylus lugubris Lepidodactylus lugubris Introduced. Find this on Santa Cruz, San Cristobal.
Phyllodactylus barringtonensis Phyllodactylus barringtonensis Endemic. Find this on Santa Fe.
Phyllodactylus bauri Phyllodactylus bauri Endemic. Find this on Floreana, Pinta.
Phyllodactylus gilberti Phyllodactylus gilberti Endemic. Find this on Wolf.
Phyllodactylus reissi Phyllodactylus reissi Introduced. Find this on Santa Cruz.
Phyllodactylus tuberculosus Phyllodactylus tuberculosus Introduced. Find this on San Cristobal.
San Cristobal Leaf-Toed Gecko Phyllodactylus leei Endemic. Find this on San Cristobal.


Banded Galapagos Snake Antillophis slevini Endemic
Galapagos Racer Alsophis biseralis Endemic
Hood Racer Philodryas hoodensis Endemic
Striped Galapagos Snake Antillophis steindachneri Endemic



Sea Lions

Galapagos Fur Seal Arctocephalus galapagoensis Endemic
Galapagos Sea Lion Zalophus californianus wollebacki Native.


Black Rat Rattus rattus Introduced pest.
Brown Rat Rattus norvegicus Introduced pest.
Darwin's Rice Rat. See Fernandina Galapagos Mouse.    
Fernandina Rice Rat Nesoryzomys narboroughii Endemic
Fernandina Galapagos Mouse Nesoryzomys fernandinae Endemic. AKA Darwin's Rice Rat
Galapagos Rice Rat Oryzomys bauri Endemic
Giant Galapagos Rice Rat Megaoryzomys curiori Endemic


Galapagos Bat Lasiurus brachyotis Endemic
Hoary Bat Lasiurus cinereus Native




American Lady Vanessa virginensis Native
Galapagos Blue Butterfly Leptodes parrhasioides Endemic
Galapagos Silver Fritillary Agraulis vanillae galapagensis Endemic subspecies.
Galapagos Sulphur Butterfly Phoebis sennae marcellina Endemic subspecies.
Large Tailed Skipper Urbanus galapagensis Endemic
Monarch Butterfly Danaus plexippus Native
Painted Lady Vanessa cardui Native
Queen Butterfly Danaus gilippus Endemic


Crimson Speckled Footman Moth Utethesia ornatrix Native
Fringed Noctuid Ascalapha odorata Endemic subspecies.
Galapagos Hawkmoth Manduca rustica Endemic subspecies.
Gaudy Sphinx Eumorpha labruscae Endemic subspecies.
Indefatigable Hawkmoth Xylophanes norfolki Endemic subspecies.

Ants, Flies, and Bees

Biting Blackfly Simulium bipunctatum Introduced pest.
Galapagos Carpenter Ant Camponotus macilentus Endemic
Galapagos Carpenter Bee Xylocopa darwini Endemic
Galapagos Green-eyed Horsefly Tabanus vittiger Endemic
Little Fire Ant Wasmannia auropunctata Introduced pest.
Longhorn Ant Paratrechina longicornis Introduced.
Tropical Fire Ant Solenopsis geminata Introduced pest.

Wasps, Bugs, Beetles and Cockroaches

Cottony Cushion Scale Icerya purchasi Introduced pest.
Dark Paper Wasp Brachygastra lecheguana Introduced pest.
Giant Long-horn Beetle Stenodontes molarius Native
Spotless Ladybug Cyloneda sanguinea Endemic
Yellow Paper Wasp Polistes versicolor Introduced

Dragonflies, Grasshoppers and Crickets

Galapagos Field Cricket Gryllus abditus Endemic
Galapagos Flightless Grasshopper Halemus robustus Endemic
Large Painted Locust Schistocerca melanocera Endemic
Small Painted Locust Schistocerca literosa Endemic
Spot-winged Glider Pantala hymenaea Native
Squeak Bug Eburia lanigera Native

Spiders, Scorpions, Centipedes, Millipedes

Galapagos Black Widow Latrodectus apicalis Endemic
Galapagos Centipede Scolopendra galapagensis Endemic
Galapagos Scorpion Hadruroides maculatus galapagoensis Endemic subspecies.
Giant Huntsman Heteropoda venatoria Native
Silver Argiope Argiope argentata Native
Star Spider Gasteracantha servillei Native
Zig-Zag Spider Neoscona cooksoni Endemic


Fiddler Crab Uca helleri Native
Galapagos Hermit Crab Calcinus explorator Endemic
Ghost Crab Ocypode gaudichaudii Native
Hairy Rock Crab Geograpsus lividus Native
Sally Lightfoot Crab Grapsus grapsus Endemic
Semi-terrestrial Hermit Crab Coenobita compressus Native
Velvet-fingered Ozius Ozius verreauxi Native


© 2004-2005 the BayScience Foundation, Inc. All rights reserved.